Does Our Entrepreneurship Practicum Work? Evidence from Hybrid and Offline Students

Authors

  • Suhermin Suhermin Department of Management, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Indonesia, Surabaya, 60118 Jawa Timur , Indonesia
  • Okto Aditya Suryawirawan Department of Management, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Indonesia, Surabaya, 60118 Jawa Timur, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.56225/ijassh.v2i4.278

Keywords:

Attitude, Subjective norm, Perceived behavior control, Entrepreneur education, Entrepreneurial intention

Abstract

This study analyzes the impact of the theory of planned behavior dimensions and entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intention. The study was conducted among students who enrolled in offline and hybrid entrepreneurship practicum courses. The sample consisted of 54 respondents who took the offline entrepreneurship practicum and 84 who took the hybrid entrepreneurship practicum. Partial least square and Mann-Whitney analyses were utilized for data analysis. The findings indicate that only perceived behavioral control among the dimensions of the theory of planned behavior has a positive impact on entrepreneurial intention. The study also found that entrepreneurship education has a significant effect on entrepreneurial intention, but it does not moderate the influence of the dimensions of the theory of planned behavior on entrepreneurial intention. Moreover, there are no significant differences in entrepreneurial intention between students who took entrepreneurship practicum offline and those who took it in a hybrid format.

References

Ajzen, I. (2001). Nature and Operation of Attitudes. Annual Review of Psychology, 52(1), 27–58. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.27

Ajzen, I. (2012). The Theory of Planned Behavior. In Handbook of Theories of Social Psychology: Volume 1 (Vol. 50, Issue 2, pp. 438–459). SAGE Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781446249215.n22

Al-Jubari, I. (2019). College Students’ Entrepreneurial Intention: Testing an Integrated Model of SDT and TPB. SAGE Open, 9(2), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244019853467

Aloulou, W. J. (2016). Predicting entrepreneurial intentions of final year Saudi university business students by applying the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 23(4), 1142–1164. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSBED-02-2016-0028

Anderson, A. R., & Jack, S. L. (2008). Role typologies for enterprising education: the professional artisan? Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 15(2), 259–273. https://doi.org/10.1108/14626000810871664

Armitage, C. J., & Conner, M. (2001). Efficacy of the Theory of Planned Behaviour: A meta‐analytic review. British Journal of Social Psychology, 40(4), 471–499. https://doi.org/10.1348/014466601164939

Arranz, N., Ubierna, F., Arroyabe, M. F., Perez, C., & Fdez. de Arroyabe, J. C. (2017). The effect of curricular and extracurricular activities on university students’ entrepreneurial intention and competences. Studies in Higher Education, 42(11), 1979–2008. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2015.1130030

Atmaja, A. T., & Margunani, M. (2016). Pengaruh Pendidikan Kewirausahaan dan Aktivitas Wirausaha terhadap Minat Berwirausaha Mahasiswa Universitas Negeri Semarang. Economic Education Analysis Journal, 5(3), 774–787.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2021). Berita Resmi Statistik. bps.go.id

Bird, B. (1988). Implementing Entrepreneurial Ideas: The Case for Intention. Academy of Management Review, 13(3), 442–453. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.1988.4306970

Bryant, P. T. (2006). Improving entrepreneurial education through self-regulatory skills. VentureWell. Proceedings of Open, the Annual Conference, 279–289.

Chen, C. C., Greene, P. G., & Crick, A. (1998). Does entrepreneurial self-efficacy distinguish entrepreneurs from managers? Journal of Business Venturing, 13(4), 295–316. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0883-9026(97)00029-3

Chin, W. W. (1998). The partial least squares approach to structural equation modeling. Modern Methods for Business Research, 295(2), 295–336.

CNN Indonesia. (2019). KEIN Sebut UMKM Kunci Pertumbuhan Ekonomi 7 Persen.

Dinc, M. S., & Budic, S. (2016). The Impact of Personal Attitude, Subjective Norm, and Perceived Behavioural Control on Entrepreneurial Intentions of Women. Eurasian Journal of Business and Economics, 9(17), 23–35. https://doi.org/10.17015/ejbe.2016.017.02

Eagly, A. H., & Chaiken, S. (1993). The psychology of attitudes. Harcourt brace Jovanovich college publishers.

Falk, R. F., & Miller, N. B. (1992). A primer for soft modeling. University of Akron Press.

Fiore, E., Sansone, G., & Paolucci, E. (2019). Entrepreneurship Education in a Multidisciplinary Environment: Evidence from an Entrepreneurship Programme Held in Turin. Administrative Sciences, 9(1), 1–28. https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9010028

Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (1977). Belief, attitude, intention, and behavior: An introduction to theory and research (Vol. 27).

Hendarman. (2011). Kajian Kebijakan PMW (Program Mahasiswa Wirausaha). Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan, 17(6), 635–646. https://doi.org/10.24832/jpnk.v17i6.55

Henry, C., Hill, F., & Leitch, C. (2005). Entrepreneurship education and training: can entrepreneurship be taught? Part I. Education + Training, 47(2), 98–111. https://doi.org/10.1108/00400910510586524

Jalil, M. F., Ali, A., & Kamarulzaman, R. (2023). The influence of psychological capital and social capital on women entrepreneurs’ intentions: the mediating role of attitude. Humanities and Social Sciences Communications, 10(1), 33–39. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-023-01908-3

Karimi, S., Biemans, H. J. A., Lans, T., Chizari, M., & Mulder, M. (2016). The Impact of Entrepreneurship Education: A Study of Iranian Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions and Opportunity Identification. Journal of Small Business Management, 54(1), 187–209. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsbm.12137

Katz, J., & Gartner, W. B. (1988). Properties of Emerging Organizations. Academy of Management Review, 13(3), 429–441. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.1988.4306967

Kebudayaan, K. P. (2020). Rencana strategis (Renstra) Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan 2020-2024. Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Ketchen, D. J. (2013). A Primer on Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling. Long Range Planning, 46(1–2), 184–185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lrp.2013.01.002

Krueger, N. F., Reilly, M. D., & Carsrud, A. L. (2000). Competing models of entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Business Venturing, 15(5–6), 411–432. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0883-9026(98)00033-0

Kulas, J. T. (2008). SPSS essentials: Managing and analyzing social sciences data (Vol. 15). John Wiley & Sons.

Kundu, S. C., & Rani, S. (2008). Human resources’ entrepreneurial attitude orientation by gender and background: a study of Indian Air Force trainees. International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development, 5(1), 77–101. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJMED.2008.015908

Liñán, F., & Chen, Y. (2009). Development and Cross–Cultural Application of a Specific Instrument to Measure Entrepreneurial Intentions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 33(3), 593–617. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6520.2009.00318.x

Matlay, H. (2005). Entrepreneurship education in UK business schools: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 12(4), 627–643. https://doi.org/10.1108/14626000510628270

Ozaralli, N., & Rivenburgh, N. K. (2016). Entrepreneurial intention: antecedents to entrepreneurial behavior in the U.S.A. and Turkey. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, 6(1), 1–32. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40497-016-0047-x

Piperopoulos, P., & Dimov, D. (2015). Burst Bubbles or Build Steam? Entrepreneurship Education, Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy, and Entrepreneurial Intentions. Journal of Small Business Management, 53(4), 970–985. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsbm.12116

Rizkinaswara, L. (2018). 1000 Startup Digital. Direktorat Jenderal Aplikasi Informatika. https://aptika. kominfo. go. id ….

Shook, C. L., & Bratianu, C. (2010). Entrepreneurial intent in a transitional economy: an application of the theory of planned behavior to Romanian students. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 6(3), 231–247. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-008-0091-2

Stokes, D., Wilson, N., & Mador, M. (2010). Entrepreneurship, Cengage Learning. London.

Suryawirawan, O. A. (2019). Theory of Planned Behavior Approach and Gender Differences on Students’ Intention to Practice Online Business. Jurnal Dinamika Manajemen, 10(2), 138–147. https://doi.org/10.15294/jdm.v10i2.19398

Susilaningsih, S. (2015). Pendidikan Kewirausahaan di Perguruan Tinggi: Pentingkah Untuk Semua Profesi? Jurnal Economia, 11(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.21831/economia.v11i1.7748

Tsang, K. K. (2012). The use of midpoint on Likert Scale: The implications for educational research. Hong Kong Teachers’ Centre Journal, 11, 121–130.

Yaghoubi Farani, A., Karimi, S., & Motaghed, M. (2017). The role of entrepreneurial knowledge as a competence in shaping Iranian students’ career intentions to start a new digital business. European Journal of Training and Development, 41(1), 83–100. https://doi.org/10.1108/EJTD-07-2016-0054

Yang, J. H. (2016). Self-Efficacy as Moderator in Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intention: Comparison between Korean and Chinese University Students. The Journal of Small Business Innovation, 19(1), 17–35.

Downloads

Published

2023-11-30

How to Cite

Suhermin, S., & Suryawirawan, O. A. (2023). Does Our Entrepreneurship Practicum Work? Evidence from Hybrid and Offline Students. International Journal of Advances in Social Sciences and Humanities, 2(4), 292–299. https://doi.org/10.56225/ijassh.v2i4.278
Abstract viewed = 29 times