The Effect of Leadership and Organizational Culture on Employee Performance

Authors

  • Muhammad Muhammad Department of Management, Faculty of Economic and Business, Universitas Batam, Indonesia
  • Chablullah Wibisono Department of Management, Faculty of Economic and Business, Universitas Batam, Indonesia
  • Afit Afrizal Department of Management, Faculty of Economic and Business, Universitas Batam, Indonesia
  • Dedy Asep Department of Management, Faculty of Economic and Business, Universitas Batam, Indonesia
  • Indrayani Indrayani Department of Management, Faculty of Economic and Business, Universitas Batam, Indonesia
  • Amir Husen Department of Management, Faculty of Economic and Business, Universitas Batam, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.56225/finbe.v1i2.89

Keywords:

leadership, organizational culture, employee performance

Abstract

The success of an organization is influenced by the role of members in the organization. A very important element in the organization is human resources in determining the level of success of the organization. Besides that, leadership in organizations plays an important role in improving work and leaders also have an influence on one's work in the organization. This study aims to determine the effect of leadership and organizational culture on employee performance. The population in this study were employees of Malahayati University, Bandar Lampung. The sample was selected using purposive sampling and obtained as many as 135 respondents through a survey questionnaire. The data analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The instrument testing includes validity and reliability tests. Prerequisite tests include classical assumption test consisting of normality test, multicollinearity test and hypothesis testing which consists of partial test with t-test. The results of the study found that leadership and organizational culture have a significant positive effect on employee performance. In conclusion, this study has identified that the factor of leadership and organizational culture are important in determining organizational success.

References

Abdullahi, M., Raman, K., & Solarin, S. (2021). Effect of organizational culture on employee performance: A mediating role of employee engagement in Malaysia educational sector. International Journal of Supply and Operations Management, 8(3), 232–246. https://doi.org/10.22034/IJSOM.2021.3.1

Agista, A. B., Natuna, A. P., Wangsa, H. B., Fernanda, J., Akmal, N. N., & Rifai, A. P. (2021). Perancangan Tata Letak Fasilitas UKM Kerajinan Kayu Dengan Metode Simulated Annealing. Journal of Industrial and Manufacture Engineering, 5(2), 137–147. https://doi.org/10.31289/jime.v5i2.5673

Ahmad, T. S., & Thamrin, A. M. R. (2021). Pengaruh Gaya Kepemimpinan Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Pada PT. Pelindo IV (Persero) Cabang Makassar. Movere Journal, 3(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.53654/mv.v3i1.166

Asiedu, M. A., Anyigba, H., Ofori, K. S., Ampong, G. O. A., & Addae, J. A. (2020). Factors influencing innovation performance in higher education institutions. The Learning Organization, 27(4), 365–378. https://doi.org/10.1108/TLO-12-2018-0205

Ekhsan, M., & Septian, B. (2021). Pengaruh Stres Kerja, Konflik Kerja dan Kompensasi Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan. MASTER: Jurnal Manajemen Strategik Kewirausahaan, 1(1), 11–18. https://doi.org/10.37366/master.v1i1.25

Erica, D., Suryani, I., Hoiriah, H., & Vidada, I. A. (2020). Pengaruh Motivasi terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Pada PT Aneka Gas Industri Tbk. Jurnal Ecodemica, 4(1), 52–58. https://ejournal.bsi.ac.id/ejurnal/index.php/ecodemica/article/view/6473

Esubalew, A. A., & Raghurama, A. (2020). The mediating effect of entrepreneurs’ competency on the relationship between Bank finance and performance of micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs). European Research on Management and Business Economics, 26(2), 87–95.

Hasibuan, H. (2017). Analisis Kesulitan Belajar Siswa pada Materi Virus di Kelas X Aliyah Al–Fajri Tanjungbalai Tahun Pembelajaran 2016/2017. Universitas Medan.

Holbert, J., Madhakomala, R., Saparuddin, S., & Timotius, E. (2021). The influence of leadership styles on employees’ job satisfaction in public sector organizations in Indonesia. Management Science Letters, 11(4), 1393–1398. https://doi.org/10.5267/j.msl.2020.10.035

Indiyati, D., Ghina, A., & Romadhona, A. F. (2021). Human Resource Competencies, Organizational Culture, and Employee Performance. International Journal of Science and Society, 3(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.54783/ijsoc.v3i1.251

Jäppinen, A.-K., & Ciussi, M. (2016). Indicators of improved learning contexts: a collaborative perspective on educational leadership. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 19(4), 482–504. https://doi.org/10.1080/13603124.2015.1015616

Kesuma, L., Gusdianti, S., Emnur, N., Irawadi, R., & Putri, A. (2021). The Effect of Organizational Culture, Quality of Human Resources, Motivation and Discipline on Employee Performance in the Communication and Informatics Department of Agam Regency. International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology, 6(1), 274–280. https://ijisrt.com/assets/upload/files/IJISRT21JAN003.pdf

Kurniasari, C., & Ghozali, I. (2013). Analisis pengaruh rasio CAMEL dalam memprediksi financial distress perbankan Indonesia. Fakultas Ekonomika dan Bisnis.

Lubis, M. H. A., Nasution, S. L., & Halim, A. (2022). Situational Leadership, Work Culture, and Intrinsic Motivation towards Employee Performance PT. PLN (Perusahaan Listrik Negara) Persero Labuhan Batu Regency Area. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences, 5(1), 2581–2591. https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v5i1.3869

Meek, V. L. (1988). Organizational culture: Origins and weaknesses. Organization Studies, 9(4), 453–473. https://doi.org/10.1177/017084068800900401

Oktavia, S. (2021). Optimizing the Role of Leadership and Strengthening Work Spirit as An Effort to Increase Quality Work Outcomes. Inovasi, 8(2), 81–88.

Ridlwan, M., Purwandari, D. A., & Syah, T. Y. R. (2021). The effect of situational leadership and organizational culture on employee performance through job satisfaction. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 8(3), 73–87. https://doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v8i3.2378

Rozi, A., Agustin, F., Hindriari, R., Rostikawati, D., & Akbar, I. R. (2020). The effect of leadership on employee performance at PT. Stella Satindo in Jakarta. HUMANIS (Humanities, Management and Science Proceedings), 1(1), 55–61. http://openjournal.unpam.ac.id/index.php/SNH/article/view/7949/5074

Sapta, I., Muafi, M., & Setini, N. M. (2021). The role of technology, organizational culture, and job satisfaction in improving employee performance during the Covid-19 pandemic. The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 8(1), 495–505. https://doi.org/10.13106/jafeb.2021.vol8.no1.495

Sedarmayanti, H. (2006). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia Edisi Ketiga. PT Rineka Cipta. Jakarta.

Solihah, S. M., Budiawan, A., & Nugraha, N. M. (2021). The Influence of Autocratic Leadership and Work Discipline on Employee Performance of the “ABC” City Culture and Tourism Office. The Asia Pacific Journal Of Management Studies, 8(1), 29–38. https://doi.org/10.55171/.v8i1.451

Sopiah, S., Kamaludin, M., Sangadji, E. M., & Narmaditya, B. S. (2021). Organizational culture and employee performance: An empirical study of Islamic banks in Indonesia. The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 8(6), 395–406. https://doi.org/10.13106/jafeb.2021.vol8.no6.0395

Sugiyono, S. (2011). Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods R & D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Sunyoto, D. (2011). Analisis untuk Penelitian Kesehatan: Analisis Data Penelitian dengan SPSS untuk Mahasiswa dan Praktisi Kesehatan (1st ed.). Nuha Medika.

Supratman, O. V., Entang, M., & Tukiran, M. (2021). The relationship of charismatic leadership, employee personality, and employee performance: Evidence from PT. Karya Abadi Luhur. International Journal of Social and Management Studies, 2(2), 17–41. https://doi.org/10.5555/ijosmas.v2i2.15

Syauta, J. (2012). Pengaruh Budaya Organisasi, Komitmen Organisasional pada Kepuasan Kerja dan Kinerja Karyawan (Studi pada Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum Jayapura Papua). Universitas Brawijaya.

Tiwasing, A., Sokrotepromee, S., & Duanghirun, N. (2021). The effect of employee welfares management on employee performance of an anonymous electronic company in Thailand 4.0 era. RMUTT Global Business Accounting and Finance Review, 4(2), 47–57. https://doi.org/https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/GBAFR/article/view/252558

Wahyuni, D. F., & Hamidi, M. (2020). Corporate Governance Management towards Companies Including in LQ45 Index. SEIKO: Journal of Management & Business, 3(2), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.37531/sejaman.v3i2.559

Wijoyo, H., Prayudi, A., & Putra, R. S. (2020). The Influence of Work Motivation and Organizational Culture to Employee Performance. Proceedings of the 11th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, 58(3), 4419–4425.

Zawawi, A., & Zaini, A. A. (2020). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Pesantren (Studi Kasus di Bidang Perekonomian Pondok Pesantren Sunan Drajat Lamongan). Ummul Qura: Jurnal Institut Pesantren Sunan Drajat (INSUD) Lamongan, 15(1), 49–65. https://doi.org/10.55352/uq.v15i1.115

Downloads

Published

2022-08-31

How to Cite

Muhammad, M., Wibisono, C., Afrizal, A., Asep, D., Indrayani, I., & Husen, A. (2022). The Effect of Leadership and Organizational Culture on Employee Performance. Frontiers in Business and Economics, 1(2), 86–93. https://doi.org/10.56225/finbe.v1i2.89

Issue

Section

Articles
Abstract viewed = 154 times