Evaluating the Content Validity: Development of An Instrument for Measuring Functional Building Performance


  • Hasnizan Aksah Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Adi Irfan Che Ani Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Suhana Johar Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Siti Hamidah Husain School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia




content validity, instruments, functional building performance, historic government administrative buildings


Managing the selection of relevant criteria for functional building performance is essential for the building management team because it is strongly related with building occupants’ satisfaction and achievement of organizational objectives. In the current state of functional building performance evaluation, previous studies have shown that the criteria vary that depends on the facility types and purpose of conducting performance evaluation. These selection criteria have a direct impact on functional building performance and need to be done in in a systematic way. The content validity of the functional building performance evaluation instrument is essential step in the instrument development. Therefore, this research aims to evaluate the content validity of Functional Building Performance (FBP) evaluation by using Content Validity Index (CVI) and modified Kappa coefficient. In achieving this research aim, a set of questionnaires was developed based on numerous construct items that obtained from previous studies by various authors and researchers. The selected expert panel in the field of historic building management and building performance evaluation such as local municipality, related government agencies, academician and building management team reviewed and rated the instrument to ensure its relevance and representativeness of each item. The final instrument contained 39 items that is valid and considered to be retained and all items will be further tested in next study. The result also shown the S-CVI/ Ave for all items meet the criterion of 0.90.


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How to Cite

Aksah, H., Che Ani, A. I., Johar, S., & Husain, S. H. (2023). Evaluating the Content Validity: Development of An Instrument for Measuring Functional Building Performance. International Journal of Global Optimization and Its Application, 2(1), 12–19. https://doi.org/10.56225/ijgoia.v2i1.161