The Effect of Spiritual Motivation, Spiritual and Intellectual Intelligence on Religious Performance Mediated by Job Satisfaction

Authors

  • Amir Hussein Department of Human Resource Management, Faculty of Economics, Universitas Batam, Indonesia
  • Chablullah Wibisono Department of Human Resource Management, Faculty of Economics, Universitas Batam, Indonesia
  • Dicky Wijaya Department of Human Resource Management, Faculty of Economics, Universitas Batam, Indonesia
  • Ihram Bani Gratitude Department of Human Resource Management, Faculty of Economics, Universitas Batam, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.56225/ijassh.v1i3.52

Keywords:

spiritual intelligence, spiritual motivation, intellectual intelligence, job satisfaction, religious performance

Abstract

Today, universities have a significant role in developing human resources, knowledge and technology and driving a dynamic society. The lecturers are essential in teaching, training and educating tasks for students. Thus, this study examines the effect of spiritual motivation and spiritual and intellectual intelligence on religious performance mediated by job satisfaction at STAI Batam, Riau, Indonesia. The design of this study is a quantitative approach through a survey questionnaire. A total of 160 lecturers from the Islamic High School in the Riau Archipelago participated in this study and collected using purposive sampling started September until November 2021. The data were analyzed using the Structural Equation Model – Analysis of Moments Structures (SEM-AMOS). The result indicated that spiritual motivation is positively related to religious performance. Spiritual Intelligence and Intellectual Intelligence are not significantly related to religious performance. Also, job satisfaction mediates the relationship between spiritual and intellectual intelligence on religious performance. In conclusion, this study has identified the determinant factors of religious performance. In Islam, motivation is crucial in interpreting and giving birth to human actions. In the Islamic concept, the role of motivation is called intention and worship. The intention is a key driver of man to do or charity, while worship is the goal of human acts or deeds.

References

Almlund, M., Duckworth, A. L., Heckman, J., & Kautz, T. (2011). Personality psychology and economics. In Handbook of the Economics of Education (Vol. 4, pp. 1–181). Elsevier.

Amin, M. (2015). Relationship between job satisfaction, working conditions, motivation of teachers to teach and job performance of teachers in MTs, serang, banten. Journal of Management & Sustainability, 5, 141.

Azizu, A. M., & Sari, W. O. D. P. (2020). The Influence of Competence, Organizational Culture, Spiritual Leadership on Organizational Behavior and Its Impact on Lecturer Performance at Higher Education in Baubau City. International Journal of Management Progress, 1(2), 50–72.

Black, J. A., & Champion, D. J. (2001). Methods and problems of social research. Bandung: Refika Aditama.

Bratianu, C. (2018). Spiritual Knowledge. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-8318-1.ch004

Cooper, D. R., & Schindler, P. S. (2003). Research methods. Boston, MA: Irwin.

Doise, W., Mugny, G., James, A. S., Emler, N., & Mackie, D. (2013). The social development of the intellect (Vol. 10). Elsevier.

Garner, P. W. (2010). Emotional competence and its influences on teaching and learning. Educational Psychology Review, 22(3), 297–321.

Hengsaputra, A. Y., & Ardana, C. (2017). Factors Affecting Auditors' Performance: an Empirical Study from Jakarta. International Journal of Economic Perspectives, 11(1), 1510–1523.

Imam, G. (2005). Application of Multivariate analysis with SPSS program. Semarang: Agency Publisher Diponegoro University.

Kurniasari, W., Sawarjuwono, T., & Ryandono, M. N. H. (2019). Islamic Spiritual Capital Implementation at BMT UGT Sidogiri. Economica: Jurnal Ekonomi Islam, 10(2), 339–366.

Luthans, F. (2002). The need for and meaning of positive organizational behavior. Journal of Organizational Behavior: The International Journal of Industrial, Occupational and Organizational Psychology and Behavior, 23(6), 695–706.

Masri, N. El, & Abubakr, S. (2019). Talent management, employee recognition and performance in the research institutions. Studies in Business & Economics, 14(1), 127–140.

Ministry of Religious Affairs. (2016). Book Quran Tafsir. Widya Light.

Pushpakumari, M. D. (2008). The impact of job satisfaction on job performance: An empirical analysis. City Forum, 9(1), 89–105.

Rahmawati, L. (2018). The Effect of Spiritual Motivation and Compensation on The Employee Performance of The Bank of Center Sharia Jabar Banten. Review of Islamic Economics and Finance (RIEF), 1(1), 11–17.

Tiedens, L. Z. (2001). Anger and advancement versus sadness and subjugation: the effect of negative emotion expressions on social status conferral. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80(1), 86.

Weber, M., & Kalberg, S. (2013). The Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism. Routledge.

Wibisono, C. (2015). Human Resource Management For Spiritual Motivation. Perdana Publishing. Medan.

Wibowo. (2011). Manajemen Kinerja (3rd ed.). PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Wibowo, I., & Nuridin, N. (2021). The Effect of Leadership and Work Environment on Job Satisfaction Through Motivation as a Mediation Variables in PT. Trinitan Plastic Industries. International Journal of Business and Social Science Research, 2(2), 7–15.

Widia, E., Wibisono, C., & Mohamad Gita Indrawan, R. (2021). The Determination of Spiritual Intelligence, Intellectual Intelligence, Psychomotor Intelligence On Noble Morals Through The Competence Of Lecturers At The University Of Batam In The Digitalization Era In The Riau Islands. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education (TURCOMAT), 12(14), 5653–5664.

Zohar, D., & Marshall, I. (2001). Important Points: SQ-Spiritual Intelligence, the ultimate intelligence. Book Review, January.

Downloads

Published

2022-08-31

How to Cite

Hussein , A. ., Wibisono, C. ., Wijaya, D., & Gratitude, I. B. . (2022). The Effect of Spiritual Motivation, Spiritual and Intellectual Intelligence on Religious Performance Mediated by Job Satisfaction. International Journal of Advances in Social Sciences and Humanities, 1(3), 151–158. https://doi.org/10.56225/ijassh.v1i3.52

Issue

Section

Articles