The Effectiveness of Duck Farming as A Psychosocial Recovery and Economic Empowerment of People with Schizophrenia (ODS) and Their Family


  • Frederick Rudy Sentosa Rajagukguk Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Bina Karya Tebing Tinggi, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia



duck farming, psychosocial recovery, economic empowerment, people with schizophrenia


Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder, one type of mental disorder that experiences distortions (deviations) of thought due to a chemical balance disorder in the brain that causes sufferers to experience disturbances in thinking, perception, time and speech orientation, feelings, and even behavior disorders. People who experience or suffer from it are called ODS (People with Schizophrenia). Their strange and deviant behavior even has some ODS who have violent behavior that endangers themselves and those around them, making the community afraid and not daring to take risks to employ them. When ODS conditions are unstable, their behavior causes them to be unable to work productively and concentrate, so their performance is low and not working. This condition makes it difficult for ODS to get a job. Pioneering and owning a duck farming business or operating in a duck farming business for business owners who understand the conditions of ODS is one of the alternative earning businesses that can be a source of income for ODS families and families. In addition, duck farming has a recreational element that can help the psychological recovery process for ODS. This study uses qualitative research methods. This study interviewed the market people of ODS, families, mental hospital staff, and business partners.


Alders, R. G. (2004). Poultry for profit and pleasure. Food & Agriculture Org.

Bellack, A. S., & Mueser, K. T. (1993). Psychosocial treatment for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 19(2), 317–336.

Bosworth, B. P., Collins, S. M., & Reinhart, C. M. (1999). Capital flows to developing economies: implications for saving and investment. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1, 143–180.

Chong, H. Y., Teoh, S. L., Wu, D. B.-C., Kotirum, S., Chiou, C.-F., & Chaiyakunapruk, N. (2016). Global economic burden of schizophrenia: a systematic review. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 12, 357–373.

Dewi, R., Azis, M., Rauf, A., Sahabuddin, R., & Karim, A. (2022). Empowering Communities on the Feasibility of Local Chicken Livestock Business in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. Specialusis Ugdymas, 1(43), 11034–11045.

Fagiolini, A., & Goracci, A. (2009). The effects of undertreated chronic medical illnesses in patients with severe mental disorders. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 70(3), 22–29.

Fusar‐Poli, P., McGorry, P. D., & Kane, J. M. (2017). Improving outcomes of first‐episode psychosis: an overview. World Psychiatry, 16(3), 251–265.

Gurley, J. G., & Shaw, E. S. (1955). Financial aspects of economic development. The American Economic Review, 45(4), 515–538.

Holderread, D. (2011). Storey’s Guide to Raising Ducks: Breeds, Care, Health. Storey Publishing, LLC.

Indrayani, I., Wati, R., & Rias, M. I. (2019). Analysis of the determining factor in profit efficiency of quail farming in Payakumbuh Sub-District, Lima Puluh Kota Regency. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 287(1), 12035.

Kokoszynski, D., Bernacki, Z., Steczny, K., Saleh, M., Wasilewski, P. D., Kotowicz, M., Wasilewski, R., Biegniewska, M., & Grzonkowska, K. (2016). Comparison of carcass composition, physicochemical and sensory traits of meat from spent broiler breeders with broilers. European Poultry Science, 80(11).

Lavretsky, H. (2008). History of schizophrenia as a psychiatric disorder. Acta Medica Croatica, 73(1), 3–13.

Mench, J. A. (2017). Behaviour of Domesticated 11 Birds: Chickens, Turkeys and Ducks. In The ethology of domestic animals: an introductory text (p. 153). CABI.

Pletson, J. E. (2007). Psychology and schizophrenia. Nova Publishers.

Richmond-Rakerd, L. S., D’Souza, S., Milne, B. J., Caspi, A., & Moffitt, T. E. (2021). Longitudinal associations of mental disorders with physical diseases and mortality among 2.3 million New Zealand citizens. JAMA Network Open, 4(1), e2033448–e2033448.

Rikayana, H. L. (2021). Effect of Catch and Labor Burden on Fishermen’s Income in Pauh Village Moro District Karimun Regency. Journal of Research in Business, Economics, and Education, 3(4), 1–7.

Rozanski, A., Blumenthal, J. A., & Kaplan, J. (1999). Impact of psychological factors on the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease and implications for therapy. Circulation, 99(16), 2192–2217.

Rukmiasih, R., Hardjosworo, P. S., Piliang, W. G., Hermanianto, J., & Apriyantono, A. (2010). Penampilan, kualitas kimia, dan off-odor daging itik (Anas plathyrynchos) yang diberi pakan mengandung Beluntas (Pluchea indica L. Less). Media Peternakan, 33(2), 68–75.

Schultz, S. H., North, S. W., & Shields, C. G. (2007). Schizophrenia: a review. American Family Physician, 75(12), 1821–1829.

Sugiyono, S. (2017). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta, CV.

Tegethoff, M., Stalujanis, E., Belardi, A., & Meinlschmidt, G. (2016). Chronology of onset of mental disorders and physical diseases in mental-physical comorbidity-a national representative survey of adolescents. PloS One, 11(10), e0165196.

Wahyono, N. D., & Utami, M. M. D. (2018). A review of the poultry meat production industry for food safety in Indonesia. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 953, 12125.




How to Cite

Rajagukguk, F. R. S. (2023). The Effectiveness of Duck Farming as A Psychosocial Recovery and Economic Empowerment of People with Schizophrenia (ODS) and Their Family. International Journal of Global Optimization and Its Application, 2(2), 108–116.



Abstract viewed = 96 times